The Golden Soyombo, the national symbol of Mongolia which dates back at least to the 14th century, signifies freedom and independence. Mongolia is one of the world's oldest nomadic civilizations.Mongolia is a large landlocked country, 604,100 sq.miles (1,566,000 sq km.), in area about three times the size of France, over twice the size of the state of Texas, and almost as large as Queensland, Australia.Many people of Mongolian origin also live in Central Asia, India, some parts of Canada, Europe and in the United States.The country's capital is Ulaanbaatar; the Mongolian flag is red and blue with a golden soyombo.Mongolia, the only independent state of Mongolians, has a population of 2.4 million.
About 10 percent are members of other Mongol confederations and tribes (Barga, Bayad, Buriad, Dariganga, Darkhad, Khoton, Myangad, Oold, Torguud, Tsaatan, Tuva, Uriankhai, Uzemchin, Zakhchin), and 5 percent are of Kazakh, Russian, Chinese, Korean, or other descent.More Mongolians live outside of Mongolia than in it—about 3.5 million in China, while in Russia Kalmyk Mongolians number about 175,000 and Buriat Mongolians about 425,000.They constitute one of the principal ethnic divisions of the Asian peoples.In fact, the race of the Asian peoples is known as "mongoloid." Throughout the world there is a birth mark famous as the "Mongolian spot." It is a blue birthmark on the buttock, and it shows up right after a child is born.
A large portion of Siberia was once part of Mongolia but is now securely controlled by Russia, and Inner Mongolia is now firmly a part of China.Mongols are people with an ancient and glorious history.