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Stocks fall under two main categories, common stock and preferred stock, and preferred stock is further divided into non-participating and participating stock.
The vast majority of investors only buy and sell common stock.
This comparison offers a basic overview of these asset classes and considerations for incorporating them in a diversified portfolio.
Stocks, or shares, are units of equity — or ownership stake — in a company.
Under it, it is easiest to think of stock types according to several primary factors.
The value of a company is the total value of all outstanding stock of the company.
The price of a share is simply the value of the company — also called market capitalization, or market cap — divided by the number of shares outstanding.
Bonds are also traded on exchanges but often have a lower volume of transactions than stocks.
Stocks of a company are offered at the time of an IPO (Initial Public Offering) or later equity sales.Stocks are usually traded on exchanges like the BSE and NSE in India or the NASDAQ and the New York Stock Exchange, which offer great liquidity (i.e., the ability to convert investments into cash as soon as one needs to). They are a form of debt and appear as liabilities in the organization's balance sheet.