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It was founded on April 21, 1960, to serve as the new national capital.Brasília and its metro (encompassing the Federal District) had a population of 2,556,149 in 2011, making it Brazil's 4th most populous city.The plan was conceived in 1827 by José Bonifácio, an advisor to Emperor Pedro I.He presented a plan to the General Assembly of Brazil for a new city called Brasília, with the idea of moving the capital westward from the heavily populated southeastern corridor.
The city has a unique status in Brazil, as it is an administrative division rather than a legal municipality like other cities in Brazil, similar to Washington, D. Brasília also hosted the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup.Brasília's geographically central location fostered a more regionally neutral federal capital.An article of the country's first republican constitution dating back to 1891 stated the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the country's center.The bill was not enacted because Pedro I dissolved the Assembly.
Brasília was planned and developed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in 1956 to move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central location. The city's design divides it into numbered blocks as well as sectors for specified activities, such as the Hotel Sector, the Banking Sector and the Embassy Sector. The name 'Brasília' is commonly used as a synonym for the Federal District through synecdoche; However, the Federal District is composed of 31 administrative regions, only one of which is Brasília proper, with a population of 214,529 in a 2012 survey; Demographic publications generally do not make this distinction and list the population of Brasília as synonymous with the population of the Federal District, considering the whole as a single city (as Washington, DC), as it was legally before the creation of administrative regions in 1964.Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning. For municipal purposes in Brazil, the Federal District is treated as a city-state, single municipality (Brasília), most easily seen in vehicle plates.