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This avoided the risk of the road safety work in South Africa overwhelming the rest of the region's efforts.
The first source for the literature review was the IRRD database which contains references from over 30 institutes and organisations from 25 countries and includes references in English, German, Spanish and French.
This literature review of road safety in Africa has been organised by the main road safety sectors.South Africa's references were provided by TRL's local counterpart, the Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in South Africa and they are included at the end of each section.One of the World Bank's Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program's Working Papers, Assum's Road Safety in Africa: Appraisal of Road Safety Initiatives in Five African Countries reviewed the institutional framework as well as the activities undertaken in each country.All five countries (Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe had national road safety coordinating bodies and while the roles and names may have differed, they shared the same main problems including funding and technical skill shortages which hindered implementation.
This Working Paper concluded with a call for an African Road Safety Initiative, previously discussed at the Third African Road Safety Congress.
Building on the success of the Road Maintenance Initiative which led to the introduction of road funds and private sector participation in road maintenance and rehabilitation programmes, an African Road Safety Initiative was recommended to use the same guiding principles: ownership, financing, responsibility, and management (Assum, 1998).