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D&D departs from traditional wargaming and assigns each player a specific character to play instead of a military formation.
or Dn D) is a fantasy tabletop role-playing game (RPG) originally designed by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson, and first published in 1974 by Tactical Studies Rules, Inc. The game has been published by Wizards of the Coast (now a subsidiary of Hasbro) since 1997.
It was derived from miniature wargames with a variation of the Chainmail game serving as the initial rule system.
In 1977, the game was split into two branches: the relatively rules-light game system of Dungeons & Dragons and the more structured, rules-heavy game system of Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as AD&D or ADn D). In 2000, the original line of the game was discontinued and the AD&D version was renamed Dungeons & Dragons with the release of its 3rd edition with a new system.
These rules formed the basis of the d20 System which is available under the Open Game License (OGL) for use by other publishers.
Dungeons & Dragons version 3.5 was released in June 2003, with a (non-OGL) 4th edition in June 2008.
The game has been supplemented by many pre-made adventures as well as commercial campaign settings suitable for use by regular gaming groups.