Dating empire com
Heraclius' decree remained in effect until the Muslim conquest of Jerusalem.The Jewish tribe Kaibar defends itself against Muslim forces, negotiating a settlement in which half of their crops would go to Mohammed in exchange for peace.Roman emperor Lucious Septimus Severus treats Jews relatively well, allowing them to participate in public offices and be exempt from formalities contrary to Judaism.However, he did not allow the Jews to convert anyone Jewish Revolts against Rome in Cyprus, Egypt and Cyrene.
Some Jews return within a few years, but many return only after the Muslims conquer Egypt.Rebellion leader Mar Zutra usurps power from Kobad the Zenduk, establishing an independant Jewish state in Babylon that would last for seven years, until Zutra's forces defeated Zutra's army, killing him and instituted a harsh policy toward the remaining Jews.Jewish Revolts against Rome in Cyprus, Egypt and Cyrene.The Great Synagogue and the Great Library in Alexandria are destroyed as well as the entire Jeiwsh community of Cyprus. Hadrian renames Jerusalem Aelia Capatolina and builds a Pagan temple over the the site of the Second Temple. Judea (the southern portion of what is now called the West Bank) was renamed Palaestina in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel.
However, he did not allow the Jews to convert anyone St.Cyril, the Bishop of Alexandria, champions violence against the city's Jews and incites the Greeks to kill or expel them.